Trading for Beginners

Trading for Beginners
Trading for beginners - Educational section

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Beginner's Trading Guides

Our Trading for Beginners section gives you all the information you need to start trading forex and CFDs with confidence. This should be your first stop to find out about currency pairs, how the forex market works, market analysis and CFD instruments.


What is?

What is MetaTrader?

MetaTrader is a platform provided by MetaQuotes Software that allows online trading in the CFD, Futures and forex markets. The software is licensed to AvaTrade for your convenience. There are two types of platforms known in the trading world today MT4 and MT5.

What is a pip?

Price moves in Forex trading are counted in pips or pipettes, but what does this mean? Pips and pipettes are smallest units of change in an exchange rate, pip is equivalent to a change of 1 in 4th decimal place, and pipette is 1/10th of a pip.

What is paper trading?

Paper trading also known as demo account trading allows traders new to the Forex market and CFDs the ability to trade for free on a practice account before trading for real. By building up skills and acquiring trading confidence 'paper trading', plays an invaluable role in a trader's education.

What Are Options?

Vanilla options are contracts giving traders the right to buy or sell a specified amount of an instrument, at a certain price on a pre-defined time. When trading currency options, the trader has the power to control not only the instrument and the amount he trades, but also when and at what price. Options can be traded for a day, a week, a few months or even a year.

What is Quantitative Trading (Quant)

Quantitative trading is known to implement advanced modern technologies on huge databases so as to provide comprehensive analyses of the opportunities present in the market. It uses sophisticated mathematical and statistical models and computation to identify profitable opportunities in the financial markets. For quantitative traders, price and volume are the most important variables, and the bigger the dataset, the better.

What is Price Action Trading

Price action is simply the study of price movement in the market. Various fundamental and technical analysis tools derive their values from price, so why not study, analyse and learn from the price itself? This is what price action traders attempt to do. Learn about their methods here

What is Leverage Trading?

Leverage trading, also known as margin trading, describes the process that allows the trader to open positions investing only a fraction of the position price, while borrowing funds from the broker to cover the rest. Leverage is expressed as a ratio between total position worth and trader's investment (i.e. ) while margin appears as a percentage if the entire position worth that the trader invests (0.5% for the same case). Leverage trading can boost trader's profits, but simultaneously increases the associated risks.

What is Short Selling?

Short Selling refers to a process of borrowing an asset from your broker and selling it during bearish market conditions, then buying it back at trend reversal and returning back to the broker, while pocketing the price difference as profits. Click the link for further information and a trade example.

What is Copy Trading?

Both new and advanced traders can benefit from copy trading where trades are executed by seasoned professional traders with top track records. AvaTrade offers copy trading platforms enabling traders to take advantage of this breakthrough offering.

What is a trading plan?

As not every trader is the same and there is no perfect trading plan, there are universal rules and elements to consider when you are building your specific trading plan to suite your trading style. Want to know what should be included in your trading plan?

What is the Stock Market?

What's a stock exchange? What are the primary and secondary markets? How shares are issued, bought and sold? Want to learn about the medium where shares are traded? Here you'll find information on stock market structure, main regional stock exchanges, different life cycles of issued shares, and the ways one can profit from them.

What is Volatility?

Financial market volatility is defined as the rate at which the price of an asset rises, or falls, given a particular set of returns. It is often measured by looking at the standard deviation of annual returns over a set period of time.

What is Carry Trade?

One of the most popular investments in the financial markets today is the carry trade. This involves selling or borrowing an asset with a low-interest rate, with the aim of using the proceeds to fund the purchase of another asset with a higher interest rate.

What is Arbitrage?

At its most basic, arbitrage can be defined as the concurrent purchase and sale of similar assets in different markets in order to take advantage of price differentials.

What is Currency Peg?

Currency pegging is when a country attaches, or pegs, its exchange rate to another currency, or basket of currencies, or another measure of value, such as gold. Pegging is sometimes referred to as a fixed exchange rate.

What is a Currency Swap?

In finance, a currency swap, also known as cross-currency swap, is a legal contract between two parties to exchange two currencies at a later date, but at a predetermined exchange rate.

What Is Correlation?

In the world of financial trading, asset correlation establishes how and when the prices of different financial instruments move in relation to each other. With regards to currencies and forex trading, correlation is the behaviour that certain currency pairs exhibit where they either move in one direction or in different directions, simultaneously

What is Slippage?

In financial trading, slippage is a term that refers to the difference between a trade’s expected price and the actual price at which the trade is executed.

What is a Market Cycle?

While asset prices may appear to move randomly up and down, technical analysis shows that there are distinct repetitive cycles that occur.ese are predominantly driven by the market moves made by large institutional investors, and in order to trade successfully, individual traders should watch these market moves, or market cycles, closely.

What Types of Traders Are There?

The multifaceted world of financial markets offers numerous opportunities to make money by buying or selling financial assets online. Different traders use diverse strategies to pick out lucrative opportunities in the market. It is important to understand the various trading styles to determine which strategy is best suited for your trading goals.

What is Liquidity?

The Liquidity definition refers to the extent to which a particular asset can be bought or sold quickly on the market without having a significant effect on its price. Liquidity is an important factor that investors assess when making their trading decisions since it has an effect on their trades.

What are Forex Signals?

Forex signals came about as a natural innovation of the financial industry. They basically solve the most daunting activity any trader has to perform – to identify the right trading opportunities at the right time.

What is Economic Policy

As a country’s top administrative body, the government is responsible for cultivating the economy and deciding on how to handle the money-related economic operations. A government’s economic operations include the management of national revenue, national expenditure, and public investments as well as the facilitation and regulation of employment, business, financing, investments in the private markets.

What is Consumer Price Index (CPI)

Consumer Price Index (CPI) is the main economic indicator that is used to track the inflation rate and the cost of living in a country. It comprises a basket of goods and services and calculates the basket price as a weighted average of the constituent items' retail prices.

What is Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the total value of goods and services produced in a country. It is calculated periodically, usually on a quarterly or yearly basis, to measure how the economic value of the local production activities is changing over time.

What is Balance of Trade (BoT)

The Balance of Trade (BoT) is the difference between the total value of exports and the total value of imports of a country within a time period. It is also referred to as trade balance, commercial balance or net exports (NX). The Balance of Trade shows whether the country had achieved to sell locally produced goods and services to foreign countries (export) more than it bought products from abroad (import) in the focused period.

What are Interest Rates

Interest rates are the main tools of the central banks to control the national economy. The primary goal is to facilitate optimum economic conditions in accordance with the monetary policy goals.

What is the Unemployment Rate

The Unemployment Rate is the percentage of the unemployed in the total workforce of a country. The total workforce is comprised of three categories: payroll- or contract-based employees, self-employed, and unemployed. People who are not employed but also ineligible to work (e.g., children and elders) are excluded from the workforce count.

What are Building Permits?

Analysts use the Building Permits data in conjunction with other prominent housing market indicators such as Housing Starts, Construction Spending, New Home Sales, and Existing Home Sales. A harmonised analysis allows drawing conclusions on the growth or stagnation of the housing market. These indicators can then be used in fundamental analysis of long-term sentiment.

What Corporate Profits

As the private sector represents a significant portion of a country’s economic production and employment, its well being is vital for the national economy. Thus, the economic bodies track the private sector performance closely and make sure corporate profits are growing to enable further expansion.

What is Currency Strength?

A currency’s strength is determined by the interaction of a variety of local and international factors such as the demand and supply in the foreign exchange markets; the interest rates of the central bank; the inflation and growth in the domestic economy; and the country’s balance of trade.

How to?

How to Trade Online?

Learn how to trade forex online. AvaTrade have all the basics covered as well as a step-by-step trading guide for beginner traders.

How to read a forex chart?

Learn about the different types of price charts - line, bar and candlesticks charts to better understand the information represented in this form. Assess market conditions such as buying/selling pressure, highs and lows of the price during the given time frame directly by analysing the graphs. Get to know important graphical analysis patterns and their meaning to become a better trader.

How To Trade Bonds

To trade bonds effectively, you must understand why bond prices fluctuate. Read about the main factors impacting treasuries prices. There are two broad approaches to trading bonds: fundamental and technical. Fundamental strategies focus on qualifying the best bonds to trade for the medium to longer term, while technical ones seek out more short-term opportunities.

How to trade stocks?

The rise in popularity of online CFD trading has made it simpler and more convenient to trade the rise and fall of major global companies, such as Apple, Google and Alibaba. In this section you can read an overview of how CFD share trading works and learn more about the factors to consider when trading stocks.

How To Trade Cryptocurrency?

At Avatrade you can trade a range of popular cryptocurrencies, including Bitcoin & Bitcoin Cash, Litecoin and Ethereum. Learn how to trade cryptocurrency without the need for maintaining e-wallets and without the exposure to cyber threats associated with cryptocurrency exchanges. Read on about cryptocurrency CFD trading.

How Do Cryptocurrencies Work?

Cryptocurrencies are a form of digital money that runs on a completely new monetary system, which is decentralised and peer-to-peer. Essentially, this means that cryptocurrencies eliminate trusted third parties, such as banks or governments.

How the BlockChain Works?

In the following article, we will explain why the Blockchain was created, how it supports the Bitcoin virtual/electronic/crypto/call-it-what-you-will currency, more or less how it works, and what some of its limitations are.

How to Value Cryptocurrencies?

he future value of any digital coin is bound to be connected to staking, incentive and distribution models within a given project. With this in mind, it is likely that models will be developed in the future to examine each coin independently, rather than a one-size-fits-all model.

How to Invest in Cryptocurrencies?

Depending on their goals and risk appetite, investors can invest directly by buying crypto coins and tokens through crypto exchanges, or indirectly by investing with brokerages offering cryptocurrency CFDs.

Trading definitions

Currency trading

In this section we go a little deeper into how different currencies interact together in currency pairs – the basis of forex trading. You’ll also learn about the difference between major, minor and exotic currency pairs.

Technical analysis

Technical analysis is an important factor in making smart trading decisions, whether you’re trading forex, commodities, stocks or indices. Find out more about the tools and techniques you need to understand and analyse live charts so that you stand the best possible chance of succeeding in the markets.

Trading styles

Are you a day trader, a swing trader or a scalper? Explore your trading style. In this section we take a look at the various trading styles that are adopted by traders in today’s markets. Discover which is best suited to you, your risk tolerance and your knowledge of the trading market.

Derivatives trading

Find out what derivatives are and how they could be useful to you in trading, how their value is determined by various market fluctuations in the underlying assets. Learn all about the most common derivatives, including Futures, Forwards, Options, CFDs and Swaps.

Money Management

Knowing how to manage your money especially on the forex markets is, possibly, the very first discipline to learn before entering the markets. Here you can find valuable information on the basic terms and illustration of how to best manage your capital.

Trading Psychology

Fear, greed, hope and regret are normal human emotions, but they can seriously impact the performance of a trader. Read about the psychological aspects of trading, learn to identify and manage the emotions that can influence your decisions and develop a winning trader’s mindset.

Trading budget

How much money do you need to start trading? What are the risks of being undercapitalized and how to avoid them? What’s the proper leverage based on your available balance? How to avoid a margin call and properly size your positions? Read our guide to find answers to these questions.

Cryptocurrencies in FinTech

Over the past few years, cryptocurrencies have had a big impact on the global financial niche. Although Bitcoin trading and most other cryptocurrencies have declined in value in recent months from record highs last year, they now appear to be stabilising.


Contango is assumed when the forward curve is rising relative to the spot price. In other words, the asset is deemed to be worth more in the future and the convergence of the forward curve towards the expected spot price will be downward sloping. The spot price and the futures price must always converge for reasons that you're about to see.


Drawdown is measured over a specific period in time, between two dates. The formula for calculating drawdown is as follows:Drawdown (DD) = min(0,((Pt – Pmax)/(Pmax)). This precise definition of a drawdown in trading is necessary because a trough cannot be defined until a new peak is reached, or the portfolio returns to its original high value. In simple terms, drawdowns are expressed as a percentage.

European Central Bank (ECB)

The European Central Bank (ECB) is the top monetary institution in the European Union (EU), governing the Euro currency (EUR) and the monetary and financial affairs in the region. It was established on June 1, 1998, as one of the seven EU institutions which were agreed upon in the Treaty of Amsterdam.

Federal Reserve System (FRS)

The U.S. Federal Reserve System (FRS), also called the Federal Reserve or simply the Fed is the Central Bank of the United States of America. It was established to provide a flexible, secure, and steady system for national monetary and financial affairs.

Bank of England (BOE)

The Bank of England (BoE) is the United Kingdom’s central bank and serves the U.K. government as the official banking institution for monetary affairs. As the top monetary and financial authority in the United Kingdom, the Bank of England assumes the role of guarding the wellbeing of the British economy as well as the financial system.

Income and Wages in trading

Consumption is what makes production worthwhile in the modern economy. And people can consume only if they have the financial power. Considering that most people rely on employment to make a living, income and wage reports emerge as fundamental measures to gauge the purchasing power of the citizens of a country.

Central Banks Meetings

Central Bank Meetings are periodic gatherings of a central bank’s monetary policy committee (MPC). The members evaluate the effectiveness of the existing monetary policies for the current economic climate.

Bank of Japan (BoJ)

The Bank of Japan (BoJ) is Japan’s central bank and the country’s highest monetary authority. The bank is headquartered in Nihonbashi, the business district of Chūō, Tokyo. It was established under the 1882 Bank of Japan Act and began operating on October 10, 1882, before issuing its first currency notes in 1885.

The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA)

The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) is the central bank of Australia, whose express function is to support and enhance the economic and financial stability of the country. RBA derives its mandate from the Reserve Bank Act of 1959 that granted the bank powers to contribute to the stability of the Australian dollar, to achieve full employment and to drive economic prosperity.

The People’s Bank of China (PBOC)

The People’s Bank of China (PBOC) is the central bank of the People’s Republic of China. Like other central banks, the PBOC has the dual mandate of fostering financial stability and enhancing economic prosperity in China. The bank has undergone a series of reforms and now enjoys a great deal of autonomy by Chinese standards.

The Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ)

The Reserve Bank of New Zealand, also referred to as the RBNZ, is one of the leading apex banks in the world. It is the central bank of New Zealand, and it was created by the New Zealand government with the purpose of maintaining the stability of the country’s financial system.

The Swiss National Bank (SNB)

The Swiss National Bank (SNB) is the central bank of Switzerland, and it has the responsibility to formulate the country’s monetary policy as well as administer Swiss franc banknotes. Read on how to use it's announcements in fundamental analysis.

The Bank of Canada (BoC)

The Canadian central bank was founded in 1934, and it is responsible for promoting a safe and sound financial system within Canada as well as for formulating the monetary policy of the country.

South Africa Reserve Bank (SARB)

The South Africa Reserve Bank (SARB) is the central bank of the Republic of South Africa. The bank has a responsibility to maintain price stability, which, in turn, cultivates and supports balanced, sustainable economic prosperity for the people of South Africa. Learn how to use it in fundamental analysis.

Trading articles

Top 10 Cryptos (That Are Not Bitcoin)

Since Bitcoin launch in 2009, It inspired many spinoffs or crypto projects, and there are now over 1500 crypto coins on the market. Apart from Bitcoin, here are 10 of the best crypto coins around:

Are Cryptocurrencies Indeed Currencies?

In this post we'll try to understand whether cryptocurrencies can be classified as currencies and compare them to other financial instruments and assets.

Cryptocurrencies is The Future of Money?

In 2009, when the Bitcoin whitepaper came out, the idea was clear: there was a need to create a decentralised currency system that would free the ‘masses’ from the firm grip of central banks and other financial institutions.

Cryptocurrency Regulation

Regulators around the world are divided on how to control this industry. Since these digital currencies do not have the backing of any central government, each country has been forced to devise their own codes and legal frameworks for the industry.

How To spot Forex Scams

As long as the lucrative Forex market exists, Forex scams will always exist. It is therefore prudent for investors to be able to identify and avoid Forex scams in the various forms they come in. We've gathered examples of most common FX scams for you to stay safe.

Keep on learning

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